Up to 60% of the adult human body is composed of water and for human beings to survive, we need to take an adequate amount of water regularly. Plants are no different. Made primarily of carbon, cannabis plants also require plenty of carbon to thrive but if you ask most people what kind of nutrition plants need, they are more likely to mention “NPK”, “CalMag, or “micronutrients”. However, these elements make up no more than 10% of the composition of most plants and while they are beneficial, they do not provide everything the plant needs.
For cannabis growers, the most important nutrient they could introduce to their crop is carbon. Most plants are 48%-50% carbon, so the element plays a major role in determining the final crop yield and quality. Most of the cannabis cultivated in the U.S. is grown for its cannabinoids, usually CBD and THC, as well as terpenes and flavonoids. Terpenes and cannabinoids are around 80%-90% carbon by weight, so providing enough carbon will ensure your crop produces enough THC, CBD, minor cannabinoids and terpenes.
Plants take in most of the carbon they need through the air, but it is usually not the most efficient way to load carbon into your crops, unless you use a sealed grow room. In this case, a carbon dioxide injection will help increase growth, yield and plant quality. Carbon dioxide taken in from the air is turned into carbon, which provides additional building blocks and helps the crop withstand stressors. In fact, higher carbon levels increase the plant’s ability to tolerate higher light intensity and fertilizer levels.
Commercial growers who give their crops carbon dioxide injections can grow them in more demanding environments, and you don’t only have to add carbon via carbon dioxide to give your plants that extra boost. Most of the commonly used plant fertilizers are tools to help plants take in more carbon from the environment. Nitrogen, for instance, will end up being a constituent of either chlorophyll, the pigment that plays a role in capturing carbon dioxide and aids in photosynthesis, or an enzyme called rubisco whose sole purpose is to absorb carbon dioxide from the environment.
Nutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, silicon, magnesium and even water also have similar effects. Introducing such nutrients to your crops will help the plants absorb, store and utilize more carbon, ultimately improving the quality and quantity of terpenes and cannabinoids in your yield.
Inexperienced cannabis growers would do well to borrow a leaf from experienced sector players like Sugarmade, Inc. (OTCQB: SGMD) who know all too well how important carbon is to the growth of healthy cannabis plants.
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